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Pirzada et al.



Dynamics in Microbiology and Infectious Diseases

Available online at http://www.journaldynamics.org/dmid

Vol.1(1), pp.1-7, August 2014

Article ID: DMID/14/011

© 2014 Journal Dynamics

 

Original Research Article

Prevalence of Intestinal Parasites and Risk Perception of Zoonotic Infection for Humans

Noor-Ul-Huda Pirzada1, Hakim Ali Sahito2*, Muhammad Ali Gopang1, Mujeeb-Ur-Rehman Memon1, Murk Pirzada1, Muhammad Iqbal Sanjrani1, Muhammad Awais Memon1, Aneela Parveen Khuhro1

1Department of Veterinary Medicine, Faculty of AHV, Science, SAU, Tandojam- Sindh.

2Department of Zoology, Faculty of Natural Sciences, SALU- Khairpur- Sindh.

*Corresponding author. E-mail: hakimsahito@gmail.com. Tel: 92-3013880144.

 

Accepted 8 August, 2014.

Abstract                                                                                                                                                                  

The present study consisted of two parts on various related aspects from Karachi during 2013. The results for the first part of study indicated that, the overall prevalence of gastrointestinal parasites was 86.00%, the GI parasitic species identified were hook worm, tape worm, round worm and Giardia protozoa. The results of the second part of the study included the survey, in which 15 veterinary practitioners were asked about the significant parasite in their practice area. Out of 15 veterinarian surveyed, the Toxocara canis was considered as a significant problem by 01 veterinarian; Hook worm (A. caninum) by 5 veterinarians, Echinococcus granulosus, Dipylidium caninum and Trichuris vulpis by 5 veterinarians each, Taenia or Spirometra by 3 and Giardia spp. by 09 veterinarians, who mentioned these as significant problems. In case of zoonotic awareness of dog owners, the zoonoses can be contracted from contact with soil, lawn or plants. The antiparasitic history indicated that 81.20% of the dog owners have received antiparasitic drugs in the previous 12 months; while 34% solely rely on pyrantel for activity against nematodes similarly, 54% administered at three-monthly intervals. It was concluded that a high rate of prevalence of gastrointestinal parasites in dogs from different areas found that there were transmission of these gastrointestinal parasites to humans through the feaces of the infected dogs in puppies was alarmingly high than adult dogs.

Keywords: Toxocara canis, Echinococcus granulosus, Trichuris vulpis, Giardia protozoa, Dogs.