Page Views: 26 views

Nwankwoala et al



Dynamic Journal of Environmental Science and Technology

Available online at http://www.journaldynamics.org/djest

Vol.1(2), pp.7-12, February 2016

Article ID: DJEST/16/001

Copyright © 2016

 

Original Research Paper

Analysis of the water resources of Kaiama area of Bayelsa State, Eastern Niger Delta

H.O Nwankwoala*, N. Egesi and C.C. Agi

Department of Geology, University of Port Harcourt, Nigeria.

*Corresponding Author. E-mail:nwankwoala_ho@yahoo.com.

.

Received 18 January, 2016; Accepted 12 February, 2016,Available on-line 19 February, 2016.

Abstract

This study evaluates and analyses the water resources of the Kaiama area in the Kolokuma/Opokuma Local Government Area of Bayelsa State, Eastern Niger Delta, Nigeria with a view to provide a baseline data for the development of a framework for sustainable groundwater development and management in the area. Four (4) groundwater samples and one surface water samples were obtained from lake Efi in the area.  The water samples were analysed to determine the quality and portability of the water resources in the area. Analysis was performed using the standard field and laboratory methods which were compared with the World Health Organization Standards. Result and interpretation of analyses revealed high contents of Barium (Ba2+) with values from BH1 5.0, BH2 4.0, BH3 11.0 and BH4 5.0 while the Lake Efi is 22.0 mg/l and for iron (Fe2+) 0.0, 0.32, 0.31 and 0.38 while Efi lake is 0.42 mg/l, respectively. The source of contaminations for Barium may be caused by discharge of drilling waste and weathered rock materials, while iron could be attributed to weathering of natural iron bearing clay deposits. Both Ba2+ and Fe2+ presence could also be traced to faecal contaminations to the groundwater system of the area. The water should be treated from source, before it will be suitable for potable drinking water.

Keywords: Water Resources, Groundwater, Boreholes, Contamination, Kaiama. Niger Delta.