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Muhoza and Ojulong



Journal of Public Health, Pharmacology and Toxicology

Available online at http://www.journaldynamics.org/jphpt

Vol.1(1), pp.1-5, February 2016

Article ID: JPHPT/15/013

Copyright © 2016

 

Original Research Paper

Attitudes of Medical Students towards non-remunerated blood donation: Is blood for sale?

1MBCHB V (Fifth Year) Bachelor of Medicine and Bacelor of Surgery Student, School of Medicine, University of Namibia.

2Department of Microbiology, School of Medicine University of Namibia.

*Corresponding Author. E-mail:jojulong@unam.na,

Received 4 December, 2015; Accepted 16 February, 2016.

Abstract

Background: Blood donation is a major concern in Namibia and worldwide. Blood demand far outweighs its supply. Regular non remunerated blood donors are the mainstay of adequate and safe blood supply. The healthy, active and willing big population of students can be potential pool for blood donors to meet the safe blood requirements for a country.
Aim: The aim of this study was to evaluate the attitudes of Faculty of Health Science students of University of Namibia (UNAM) towards non-remunerated blood donation.
Methods: A descriptive cross sectional study was conducted on Faculty of Health Science Students of UNAM between July and September 2015. Participants were given structured questionnaires. Data analysis was performed using EPI-INFO and association between variables was tested at 95% confidence level.
Results: The study enrolled 311 students from Faculty of Health Science with (75) from School of Medicine, (32) School of Pharmacy and (204) from School of Nursing and Public health of University of Namibia. Seventy two percent of these students (224) had never donated blood and only 28% did donate on a regular basis. This study found out that there was higher number of students (83%) who wanted to be remunerated in order for them to donate blood with 63% of them being female students (p = 0.0144) and nearly half (49%) of them saying it is a way of earning income.
Conclusion. The blood donations drive should be intensified through campaigns, workshops, conferences and seminars and regular visits to different institutions of learning like schools, colleges and universities so that these students attitudes can be reversed.

Key words: Remunerated, Non- remunerated blood donation, attitudes, medical students.

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