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Faye et al



Dynamic Journal of  Oral Hygiene and Dentistry

Available online at http://www.journaldynamics.org/djohd

Vol.1(1), pp.1-6, April 2016

Article ID: DJOHD-JDYA83130610

Copyright © 2016

 

Original Research Paper

Evaluation of the relationship between predisposing factors and the different stages of Noma in Senegalese health structures

Daouda Faye1*, Kanoute Aida2  and Lo Cheikh Mbacke3

1Public Health Dentistry Office, Faculty of Medicine, Pharmacy and Dentistry, Dakar, Senegal, BP 5603, km 4, 5, Cheikh Anta Diop de Dakar,Senegal.

2,3Public health dentistry office, Faculty of Medicine, Pharmacy and Dentistry, Dakar, Senegal, BP 5005, km 4, 5, Cheikh Anta Diop de Dakar,Senegal.

*Corresponding Author. E-mail: daouda_faye2004@yahoo.fr.

Received 23 February, 2016; Accepted 17 March, 2016.

Abstract

Purpose: We have conducted a study on noma predisposing factors in Senegal. It took place at the public health center, structures and dealing with 105 cases of noma registered from year a2000 to 2014. The overall objective was to study the noma predisposing factors in Senegal. Methods:  Collected data deals with the facility on sociodemographic data, date of hospitalization and of consultation relating to the disease evolution stage and the disease predisposing factors. The results were registered and analyzed by the software version 6.04d épi info. This report is a descriptive analysis as a frequency table with a 95% confidence interval. We used chi-2 test to compare frequencies. Tests are considered significant for a threshold (p˂0, 05). Logistic regression analysis was used to assess the association of predisposing factors and stages of noma.
Results: We identified the main predisposing factors as malnutrition (78, 5%), poor hygiene or ulceration (44, 1%), malaria (16, 1%), measles (11, 8%) and HIV/AIDS (1, 1).
Malnutrition and poor oral hygiene are associated with the early phase of noma: edema facial. Malaria and measles intervene in the gangrenous and tissue loss phase of complication, respectively.
Conclusion: Our interventions must be especially directed towards the fight against malnutrition and the maintenance of a good oral hygiene. In a child with early signs of the disease and emergency management, to detect and handle cases of malaria and measles, seems necessary to avoid complications.

Keywords: relationship, predisposing factors, stage of noma, health facilities, Senegal.