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Atinyi et al

Journal of Public Health, Pharmacology and Toxiclolgy

Available online at

Vol.2(1), pp.1-10, August 2017.

ISSN: 2536-684X

Article ID: JPHPT/JDYA4332754

Copyright © 2017

Original Research Paper

Prevalence of hypertension and pre-hypertension and awareness among Adults in Keta Municipality of Ghana

Roland Wonder Atinyi1, Wisdom Takramah1, Wisdom Kudzo Axame1, Richard Owusu1, Phyllis Atta Parbey1, Mohammed Takase3,Elvis Tarkang2*, Martin Adjuik1, Margaret Kweku1

1Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, University of Health and Allied Sciences, Ho, Ghana; Ghana.

2Department of Population and Behavioural Sciences, School of Public Health, University of Health and Allied Sciences, Ho, Ghana.

3School of Biological Sciences, University of Cape Cast, Cape Coast, Central Region, Ghana.

*Corresponding Author.

Received 16 May, 2017; Accepted 12 July, 2017, 


Background: Hypertension is a major cause of mortality globally with increasing prevalence annually. This study determined the prevalence of hypertension and pre-hypertension among adults in the Keta Municipality. Methods: A community-based cross-sectional study involving 264 adults 18 years and above. Information was collected using face-to-face interviews with a semi-structured questionnaire. Anthropometric indices, blood pressure were measured using standard procedures. Means were determined using t-test. Chi-square was used to determine associations between independent variables and hypertension. Pearson product moment correlation coefficient was used to determine the direction and strength of the relation between age, BMI, WHR and hypertension.  Results: Prevalence of hypertension including those on treatment was 163 (61.7%). At the time of the survey, the prevalence was 146 (55.3%) and pre-hypertension was 32.2%. Of the 163 Hypertensives, only 49 (30.1%) were aware they had hypertension. Uncontrolled hypertension was 32 (65.3%) and undiagnosed hypertension was 114 (53.0%). Increasing age, level of educational attainment, marital status, physical activity, family history of hypertension and WHR of women were independently associated with hypertension. A positive linear correlation was observed between age, BMI and hypertension (r=0.13, p=0.041) and (r=0.07, p=0.230) respectively. Conclusion: Prevalence of hypertension and pre-hypertension was very high, and the majority of those affected are not aware of the diagnosis. Further studies are required to find out reasons for the high hypertension prevalence. Awareness creation would be required to enhance the prevention and control of hypertension in the Keta Municipality.

Keywords: Hypertension, Pre-hypertension, Uncontrolled, Undiagnosed, Awareness, Adult population, Community-based, Keta Municipality, Ghana.