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Al-Sha’rawy et al



Journal of Public Health, Pharmacology and Toxiclolgy

Available online at http://www.journaldynamics.org/jphpt

Vol.1(2), pp.6-14, July 2016

Article ID: JPHPT/JDYA66657444

Copyright © 2016

 

Original Research Paper

Public Knowledge, awareness, and attitudes towards Camphor poisoning in Sharjah, United Arab Emirates

Manal Al-Sha’rawy1, Abduelmula Abduelkarem1*, Shifaa Abdin1, Layal Kourbaj1, Leena Kamal1, Hafsa Mustafa2

1Department of Pharmacy practice and Pharmacotherapeutics, College of Pharmacy University of Sharjah-United Arab Emirates.

2AME GLOBAL FZE, Sharjah, United Arab Emirates.

*Corresponding Author. E-mail:aabdelkarim@sharjah.ac.ae.

Received 16 April, 2016; Accepted 4 July, 2016.

Abstract

Background: Camphorated products are among frequently used medications by population in the United Arab Emirates.  Majority of people in the Arab world consider these products as safe and not a medical product.  With such perception and attitude, one can assume that poisoning from camphor products is common but not recognized in our community.  Furthermore, the role of the pharmacist, as a health care provider, in increasing peoples’ awareness upon dispensing camphorated products has never been studied in UAE.
Aim: The objective of this study was to assess the knowledge and awareness of camphor toxicity among our community in Sharjah, UAE.
Methods: A cross-sectional study design.
Results: More than half (110; 50.5%) of the participants considered themselves as frequent users of products which contains 4.8 or 5% w/w camphor.  Regardless of the educational levels of the respondents, 183 (83.9%) of participants reported that they had no information about the potential toxicity of camphor.  When the respondents were asked about counselling services provided by community pharmacists on camphor-containing products, majority of the respondents (197; 90.4%) reported that they had either “Never or Sometimes” received counselling from pharmacists.  Interestingly, 177 (81.2%) of the sample reported “No” when they were asked if there were any precautions they had to consider for pregnant women when such products were used.”
Conclusion: Pharmacy practice at the community level has to be revised and improved to meet patients’ expectations and to change pharmacy practice image in our community. This can be achieved by organizing special programs and workshops for pharmacists to improve their overall care and knowledge.

Keywords: Awareness, Attitude, Knowledge,Camphor poisoning and Pharmacy Practice.