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Abui et al 1

Dynamic Journal of Environmental Science and Technology

Available online at

Vol.1(4), pp.24-30, May 2016

Article ID: DJEST/16/005

Copyright © 2016


Original Research Paper

The Challenges of Rural Water Supply In Nigeria

Yunana Mba Abui1*, Danjuma P. Garba2, Bonet Rikichi3 and Siaka Stephen4

1Department of Environmental Management, Kaduna State University, Kaduna, Nigeria.

2,3Department of Geography, Kaduna State University, Kaduna, Nigeria.

4Department of Basic and Remedial Studies, Nuhu Bamalli Polytechnic, Zaria, Nigeria.

*Corresponding Author.

Received 3 February, 2016; Accepted 31 March, 2016, Available on-line 5 May, 2016.


Provision of clean domestic water for both rural dwellers should be seen as a necessity by policy makers. However, this is not so for developing nations where rural dwellers are neglected whenever water supply schemes are being contemplated. The paper evaluates the situation and challenges of rural water supply in Nigeria, identifies the challenges in governance, government policies and priorities as responsible for poor service delivery. In Nigeria, so many programmes to improve water supply and sanitation situation had been put in place by different administrations. Despite this, it was observed that Rural water and sanitation in Nigeria suffered from poor coordination, poor maintenance culture, poor technical or institutional structure, inadequate funding, irregular disbursements of subventions, inappropriate infrastructures as well as lack of adequate quality monitoring and evaluation, lack of clear policy direction, lack of focus in terms of goals and objectives ( which resulted in the country’s inability to achieve full coverage of the rural population with safe water and improved sanitation services. It therefore recommends that the government and the contractors be committed to contracts agreements to the letter, the government be sincere and be transparent enough in the award of water project contracts, the people become more enlightened about the necessity to have good water, the government workers and officials managing all the government water schemes be faithful and lastly, if we improve on our maintenance culture certainly there will be equal and uninterrupted distribution with regards to rural water supply in Nigeria.

Keywords: Rural water supply, Water borne diseases, sanitation, sustainable development.